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Access to water

In 75% of sites, water was either accessible on-site or within 20 minutes walking distance. Among sites with complete data, 51% had access to 15 litres or more of water per person/day (SPHERE Standard). The number of sites with access to less than 5 litres per person per day has increased from 6% in Round 7 to 8% in this Round.


How far is the location of main water source (walking, one way)?


What is the average amount of water per person per day?

Waste disposal

The main method for waste disposal in sites were garbage pit (45%), burning (25%) and Municipal collection (20%). For 10% of the sites, there was no system for disposal of waste and garbage was thrown into nearby water ways and hills.


What is the main garbage/waste disposal method?















Main source of water

Piped water supply was the main source of drinking water method for the displaced people. 74% of IDPs had access to the piped water supply in compared to 56% found in Round 7. Other sources of drinking water were water spring/river (8%), trucking (6%), unprotected wells (6%), protected well (2%) and other sources (4%).


What is the main source of drinking water?

In 54% of the displacement sites assessed, there was no common practice of treating drinking water before consumption.


Is drinking water being treated before consumption?

In 54% of the displacement sites assessed, there was no regular water supply to the sites since the last round of DTM. This interruption had particularly been seen on sites in Bhaktapur, Gorkha, Kathmandu, Lalitpur, Nuwakot, Rasuwa and Sindhupalchok.
















Where functioning toilets were available on-site, there was an average of one toilet for 22 IDPs, which qualifies the SPHERE Standard (1 toilet to 40 persons). In addition, 64% of the sites reported IDPs using toilets were not hygienically good. 2% of the sites had no latrines where the figure was 3% in previous round.


What is the codition of most larines on site?

Of 65 active sites, 17 sites had segregated toilets for males and females. At 12 sites these segregated toilets were completely separate while at 5 sites segregated toilets were found next to each other.

There were 54 toilets at 17 sites which were found in need of decommissioning or desludging due to being non-functioning or unhygienic to use. These sites are mainly in Bhaktapur, Lalitpur, Kathmandu, Makwanpur, Rasuwa and Gorkha.


Number of toilets in need of decommissioning/desludging?

A number of sites in Kathmandu (25%), Ramechhap (50%), Rasuwa (38%), Bhaktapur (20%) and Sindhupalchok (27%) were showing evidence of open defecation.