DTM Library  DTM Library         DTM Sites Map  DTM Sites Map The CCCM Approach         Members Directory         About the Site         Contact Us

Wash


Access to water

In 80% of sites, water was either accessible on-site or within 20 minutes walking distance. Among sites with complete data, 41% had access to 15 litres or more of water per person/day (SPHERE Standard). The number of sites with access to less than 5 litres per person per day has increased from 1% in Round 5 to 10% in this Round.

How far is the location of main water source (walking, one way)?

What is the average amount of water per person per day?

Waste disposal

The main method for waste disposal in sites were burning (44%) and use of garbage pits (27%) followed by Municipal collection (16%). For 13% of the sites, there was no system for disposal of waste and garbage was thrown into nearby water ways and hills.

 

 

Wash 2R5

What is the main garbage/waste disposal method?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Main source of water

Piped water supply was the main source of drinking water method for the displaced people. 82% of IDPs had access to the piped water supply which was 61% in Round 5. Other sources of drinking water were water trucking (6%), spring/river (5%), protected wells (4%), unprotected wells (2%), and hand pumps (1%).

Wash1

What is the main source of drinking water?

In 65% of the displacement sites assessed, there was no common practice of treating drinking water before consumption.

Wash2

Is drinking water being treated before consumption?

In 60% of the displacement sites assessed, there was interruption in water supply to the sites since the last wound of DTM. This interruption had particularly been seen on sites in Bhaktapur, Dhading, Gorkha, Lalitpur, Makwanpur, Nuwakot, Rasuwa and Sindhupalchok.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Latrines

Where functioning toilets were available on-site, there was an average of one toilet for 27 IDPs, which qualifies the SPHERE Standard (1.2 toilet to 50 persons). In addition, 61% of the sites reported IDPs using toilets were not hygienically good. In 3% of sites, the latrines were not usable and 2% of the sites had no latrines.

Wash3

What is the codition of most larines on site?

Of 82 sites assessed, 22 sites had segregated toilets for males and females. At 15 sites these segregated toilets were completely separate while at 7 sites segregated toilets were found next to each other.

 

 There were 36 toilets at 16 sites which were found in need of decommissioning or desludging due to being non-functioning or unhygienic to use. These sites are mainly in Dhading, Dolakha, Gorkha, Bhaktapur, Rasuwa, and Sindhupalchok.

Wash4

Number of toilets in need of decommissioning/desludging?

Large number of sites in Dolakha     (50%), Ramechhap (50%), and Sindhupalchok (54%) were showing evidence of open defecation.