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DTM Round 1


Dhading (Medium)

OVERVIEW

The Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) is designed to regularly capture, process, and disseminate information to provide a better understanding of the evolving needs of a displaced population.  The DTM is an information management tool, rolled out in the immediate aftermath of the Nepal earthquake by the Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) cluster to gather baseline information on the nature of displacement, mobility of population, needs and gaps. The DTM is designed to complement the Government of Nepal’s current data collection by identifying and then systematically monitoring displacement sites in rounds, in order to track mobility and changes in needs. Sites will be monitored in a four week cycle, enabling trend analysis. 

The DTM for Nepal will focus on monitoring concentrated sites, where they exist. Concentrated sites include spontaneous settlements and collective centres (people living away from their homes, in schools or other public buildings), where immediate needs for basic services, protection and site facilitation are likely to be greater. 

The majority of those forced from their homes as a result of the earthquake are not living in concentrated displacement sites. They are dispersed across the urban and rural areas, opting to remain in villages or neighbourhoods next to their destroyed or damaged homes, in temporary or makeshift shelters. These people have urgent and specific needs, which should be monitored by Government and appropriate clusters. 

From 29 April, 53 sites have been identified and assessed in Kathmandu valley. Outside of the valley, DTM teams have deployed to Gorkha, Sindhupalchok, Makwanpur, Kavre, Ramechhap and Dadhing, with data soon to be collated. Teams are expanding to cover the other priority districts in the coming weeks. This will allow the comparison of regional and urban sites, and potentially providing reasons for displacement.

A follow up phase of intentions survey at the household level will be conducted as part of the second round targeting prioritised sites. This survey will be conducted in complement to ongoing assessment efforts in order to further support the decision making of humanitarian and early recovery actors. The survey is designed to determine in greater detail the characteristics of residual populations one month after the earthquake, their plans and needs.

DTM ASSESSMENT OBJECTIVES

• Identify and verify locations where displaced people are residing in concentrated sites.  Assessments to cover various factors including mobility, sex age breakdown, vulnerabilities, access to services and needs. 

DTM ASSESSMENT CHALLENGES

• The scale and spread of earthquake impact has slowed coverage of the DTM. Mountainous, remote affected areas in the north are only accessible by foot.  These challenges are being met through forging of partnerships at the local level.

 

KEY FINDINGS

• Out of the 5783 IDPs and 53 sites covered by the DTM, 98% of sites are spontaneous settlements and 2% collective centres. There are no formal camps.

• In Kathmandu, 6% of sites reported having some camp management arrangement; Lalitur reported 20% and Bhaktapur 0%.

• Only 25% of sites in Kathmandu reported having no access to either a local clinic or a mobile service, and Bhaktapur sites reported 84% access.  Lalitpur sites were found to have the highest access, at 94%.  

• The most commonly reported health problem is a cold/flu, followed by diarrhoea and fever with rash.

• The majority of sites in Kathmandu and Lalitpur report houses as completely destroyed.  In Bhaktapur, destruction is significantly less.

• Kathmandu sites reported to possess the least amount of NFIs.  Mosquito nets and tools for construction were found to be the least possessed NFIs overall.

 • 48% of sites in Kathmandu meet Sphere standards of 1 toilet per 20 individuals, 80% sites in Bhaktpur and 16% sites in Lalitpur.

• All districts report insufficient water supply and poor water quality.  Sites in Kathmandu and Bhaktapur have no sex segregated toilets. 26% of sites in Lalitpur have sex segregated toilets.

 • 21% of sites in Kathmandu report access to a local market, followed by 15% in Lalitpur and 6% in Bhaktapur. No more than 20% of sites report having received food through a distribution.  

• The method for accessing food for the majority of sites is through cash purchase or cultivation.  Bhaktapur relies heavily (80%) on cash for food.

 

Please click here to download the report.